No. 26
Victoria Vancouver's Island
15 June 1858
My Lord,
1. In reporting the other day the result of my observations on the Gold regions of Fraser's River, I omitted to mention several things, which I ought to have communicated to you.  
2. In consequence of that omission I have now to state that
  • Hicks, Richard
    • appointed revenue officer
during my stay at the Falls of Fraser's River, I
appointed Mr Richard Hicks, a respectable Englishman engaged in mining pursuits there, as Revenue Officer for the District of Fort Yale, at a salary of £40 a year to be paid out of the Revenue of the country.  
3. On the arrival of our party at "Hill's Bar," the white Miners
  • Mining
    • bars
      • Hills
  • Indians
    • hostility to miners
were in a state of great alarm on account of a serious affray which had just occurred with the native Indians, who mustered under arms, in a tumultuous manner, and threatened to make a clean sweep of the whole body of miners assembled there.  
4. The quarrel arose out of a series of provocations on both sides, and from the jealousy
of the savages who naturally feel annoyed at the large quantities of gold taken from their country by the white miners.  
5. I lectured them soundly about their conduct, on that occasion,
  • Indians
    • appointed police officer
and took the leader in the affray, an Indian, highly connected in their way, and of great influence, resolution and energy of character, into the Government service, and found him exceedingly useful in settling other Indian difficulties.  
6. I also spoke with great plainess of speech, to the white miners,
  • Law
    • protection to Indigenous peoples
who were nearly all foreigners, representing almost every nation in Europe. I refused to grant them any rights of occupation to the soil, and
told them distinctly that Her Majesty's Government ignored their very existence in that part of the country, which was not open for the purpose of settlement, and they were permitted to remain there merely on sufferance; that no abuses would be tolerated, and that the Laws would protect the rights of the Indian, no less than those of the white man.  
7. I also appointed Mr George Perrier a British Subject, as
  • Perrier, George
    • appointment as JP
Justice of the Peace for the District of "Hill's Bar," and directed the Indians to apply to him for redress, whenever any of them suffer wrong, at the hands of white men, and also cautioned them against taking the Law into their own hands, and seeking justice according to their own barbarous customs.  
8. I
8. I also appointed Indian Magistrates, who are to bring forward when required any man of their several Tribes, who may be charged with offences against the Laws of the country, an arrangement which will prevent much evil; but without the exercise of unceasing vigilance on the part of the Government, Indian troubles will sooner or later occur.  
9. The recent defeat of Colonel Steptoe's detachments of United
  • Steptoe, Col.
    • defeat of
States troops consisting of Dragoons and Infantry, by the Indians of Oregon Territory, has greatly increased the natural audacity of the savage, and the difficulty of managing them. It will require I fear the nicest tact to avoid a disastrous Indian war.  
10. I
10. I transmit herewith a hand book and map of the Gold region
  • Map
    • of gold districts
of Fraser's River, which will prove useful as a reference.  
I have etc.
James Douglas
Documents enclosed with the main document (not transcribed)
  • Newspaper clipping, "Another Indian War," Olympia Pioneer and Democrat, Washington Territory, 28 May 1858, reporting defeat of Colonel Steptoe by Indigenous forces.
    • Anderson, Alexander C.
      • guide to gold fields
    • Anderson, Alexander C.
      • compendium of Chinook language
  • A.C. Anderson, Notes in Reference to the Routes of Communication with the Gold Region on Fraser's River, printed with map and a compendium, "Chinook Jargon"; preface dated Cathlamet, Washington Territory, 3 May 1858. Note on above:
    N.B. This vocabulary [i.e. "Chinook Jargon"] is an addition of the publisher's for which I am no wise responsible. It is miserably incorrect.  

    Not having had the opportunity of correcting the proofs I have made [marked] some slight oversights of the Engraver & printer in ink upon this Copy. A.C.A.
    Fort Victoria V.I.
    14 June 1858

  1. the other day = Douglas to Stanley, 10 June 1858, No. 24, 7828, CO 60/1, p. 29.
  2. Indigenous peoples difficulties Identify person? No newspapers. Prevost report, or Waddington??
Despatch to London:
Douglas to Stanley, 15 June 1858, National Archives of the UK, 7830, CO 60/1. The Colonial Despatches of Vancouver Island and British Columbia 1846-1871. Ed. James Hendrickson and the Colonial Despatches project. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed 10 December 2018. 

Last modified: 11:58:43, 4/12/2018