No. 41
25 August 1860
With reference to my Despatch of the 8th Instant No 39, I have the honor to forward herewith a copy of the reply I received from Admiral Baynes to my requisition upon him to make some arrangements to furnish due protection against the Indians.  
2. I am happy to say all continues quiet amongst the Indians around Victoria, and as the Admiral appears disinclined to take the step, I have not pressed him to land a small guard at Victoria, as alluded to in my beforementioned Despatch. I regret however that he cannot station a Vessel for the time on the East Coast of the Island as I requested, for although the occasional visits of a Ship of War are most desirable, still her continued presence for a longer period would be much more likely to produce lasting good.  
3. The extreme penalty of
the Law was carried into effect this morning in front of the Jail at Fort Victoria upon the person [of] a Northern Indian who was found guilty at the last Assizes of the Murder of a man named Brown. Everything was conducted with the greatest decorum. The Indians appeared fully satisfied of the justness of the measure, and I trust the example may not be unavailing.  
I have etc.
Minutes by CO staff
Sir F. Rogers
I think that the enclosure (from Sir R. Baynes) to this despatch affords ground for strengthening the desph proposed to be written to the Governor in pursuance of Mr Fortescue's minute on 9267. In my judgment Sir R. Bayne's decision seems quite right.  
8 Oct
Mr Fortescue
I do not see what more is to be done than to acknowledge this with 9267 adding yr recommendation of a volunteer corps. But I shd be inclined to Enforce that recommendation by an observation that the peace of the Colony must eventually depend on the measures wh Govr D. seems very wisely to have originated for organizing a system of Indian Govt & teaching them habits of confidence in the law and submission to those who are charged with its execution.  
It does not appear to me that the C.O. would be likely to do good by interfering wth the Govr & the Admy. Their disagreements seem the disagreements of sensible men wh will settle themselves.  
Would it be worth while suggesting to Govr D. the expediency of endeavoring to create a public opinion agst those who are guilty of a practice so dangerous to the community as giving spirits to the Indians.  
Govr Douglas's despatches on this subject of the Indians are very interesting, and inspire confidence in his power of dealing with them.  
I wd encourage him—as Sir F. Rogers proposes—in his measures for introducing among them self government & respect for Law—wh., with the Xtian teaching & influence of such a man as Mr Duncan, may, it is to be hoped, make them useful inhabitants of the Colony, and raise their moral condition, wh. appears to be deplorably low. (See what the Admiral says is the species of traffic wh. brings them to Victoria.) At the same time as a necessary condition of such improvement, I wd impress strongly upon the Govr's mind the necessity of using every exertion, both by the vigorous execution of the law, and by every appeal that can be made to the right feeling & the self interest of the white community, to prevent or check the sale of spirituous liquors. I wd also certainly instruct him to propose to the Assembly a law prohibiting the sale of arms & ammunition to Indians, as a measure calculated as much for their own good as for that of the Colonists—& pointing out that the probability of such a law being evaded is no reason why the practice sh. remain entirely unchecked and sanctioned by law. He sh. also use his influence to impress upon the Colonists the necessity of providing themselves with arms & learning the use of them—wh. wd. probably be best accomplished by the formation of a Volunteer Force.  
This collection of Indians under the immediate eye of Government, wd. be an excellent field for the exertions of those Missionary Societies wh. engage in the work of Indian conversion & civilization.  
10 Octr
Documents enclosed with the main document (not transcribed)
  • R.L. Baynes to Douglas, 5 August 1860, on possible measures to "calm the apprehensions of the inhabitants of Victoria" from the large numbers of "congregated" Indigenous peoples around the city.  
Other documents included in the file
  • Draft reply, Lewis to Douglas, No. 40, 17 October 1860.  
Despatch to London:
Douglas to Newcastle, 25 August 1860, National Archives of the UK, 9594, CO 305/14. The Colonial Despatches of Vancouver Island and British Columbia 1846-1871. Ed. James Hendrickson and the Colonial Despatches project. Victoria: University of Victoria. Accessed 21 November 2018. 

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