London, Ontario
London is a city located in southwest Ontario, Canada and it is considered to be the region's economic and cultural hub, a label that began in the mid 19th century. Archaeological records reveal that London has been inhabited for over 10,000 years by various Indigneous tribes such as: Haudenosaunee, Anishnaabeg, and Lenni-Lenape.1
The European settlement of London began in 1793 when it was discovered by Lieutenant-Governor John Graves who lobbied for it to be the capital of Ontario. His goal was not fulfilled and London was not officially founded until 1826. In the early 1840s, following the G“reat Fire of London,” the city rebuilt and re-strengthened with new municipal powers.2 In 1848, a mayor and a town council were created and from 1854 to 1857, London introduced: street lights, a railway, the 1st London Volunteer Troop of Cavalry (the First Hussars), and a Board of Trade.3 It was also one of the main places where the Board of Directors for the Hudson's Bay Company was located. In 1866, London faced Fenian Raids.4
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Hudson's Bay Company

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