Chilliwack, the city, is located just south of the Fraser River, southwest of Hope. In this correspondence, Douglas refers to the Chilwayhook District, which indicates one of the many variant spellings for the area, which include, among others, “Chilliwak”, “Chilliwhack”, “Chilukweyuk” and “Chiloweyuck”.1
The Chilliwack mantle denotes other features, which include a creek, river, lake, and mountain. Chilliwack, according to the Akriggs, is a Halkomelem word for quieter water on the head, or travel by way of backwater or slough.2
BCGNIS notes Chilliwack as derivation of Tcil'Qe'uk, again a Halkomelem word, said to mean valley of many streams, as well as several other possibilities.3 Chilliwack was likely an Anglicization that referred to First Nations peoples in the region, which comprise the Stó:lō Nation today,4 whose traditional territories blanket the Lower Mainland, and beyond.5
Mentions of this place in the documents
People in this document

Douglas, James

Places in this document

Chilliwack River

Fraser River


The Colonial Despatches Team. Chilliwack. The Colonial Despatches of Vancouver Island and British Columbia 1846-1871, Edition 2.2, ed. The Colonial Despatches Team. Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria.

Last modified: 2020-12-02 13:40:34 -0800 (Wed, 02 Dec 2020) (SVN revision: 5008)