Phipps, Third Earl of Mulgrave and Second Marquess of Normanby George Augustus Constantine
b. 1819-07-23
d. 1890-04-03
Phipps was Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia from January 1858 until his resignation in September 1863 when, due to the death of his father, he inherited the title of Earl of Mulgrave.1 Prior to this, he had also held the title of Viscount Normanby from 1831 to 1838. In the minutes of this despatch, Blackwood mentions Phipps' belief that Shrapnel was unlikely to find employment in the British colonies.2
Phipps, the only son of Constantine Henry Phipps and nephew of Sir Charles Beaumont Phipps, was born 23 July 1819.3 He served in the Scots Fusilier Guards from 1838 to 1843 and the North Riding Yorkshire militia from 1846 to 1853, and enjoyed a political career as Whig MP for Scarborough from 1847 to 1851 and again from 1852 to 1857.4 He was also a Liberal whip in the House of Commons.5 In his position as Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia, Phipps was entangled in the political struggle between Conservative and Liberal parties, particularly after the May 1859 election when the Conservative ministry refused to resign.6 After his resignation in 1863, Phipps spent seven years as Lord-in-Waiting to Queen Victoria, then was appointed Governor of Queensland, Australia, in 1871 and Governor of New Zealand in 1874.7 He died on 3 April 1890, in Brighton and was buried at St Oswald's Church in Yorkshire.8
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