Hammond to Merivale (Permanent Under-Secretary)
2 March 1860
I am directed by Lord John Russell to transmit to you, to be laid before His Grace The Duke of Newcastle, a Copy of a note from General Cass to Mr Dallas dated the 4th Ultimo, in reply to the Despatch from Lord John Russell respecting the question of San Juan, of which a copy was transmitted to you in my letter of the 30th of December last.
I am etc.
E. Hammond
Minutes by CO staff
Manuscript image
Mr Merivale
See your Reservations on 859/60.
ABd 3/3
Mr Fortescue
See 859. With all respect for Gen. Cass, the first part of his despatch seems "logomachy" only. Of course what Ld JR meant was, not that we would never cede S. Juan if the Amn right to it was established, but that we would never make the cession of San Juan any part of a compromise. Manuscript imageAll that we seem to have to do in the matter is to point out to the For. Office that this was the sense in which we understood his Lordship, and that by his Lordship's declaration, so understood, we think the British Government ought to abide?
The observation about the comparatively minor importance of San Juan in consequence of the deep water of the channel is not without its weight, but it comes from the enemy.
HM Mh 3
I confess I think the U.S. Govt has some reason to object to Lord J.R.'s language in entering upon this negociation.
CF 5
Ld J.R.'s meaning (desp. of Augt/59) was that the offer of compromise was made, as the Lawyers say, "without prejudice"—that, if rejected, we should revert to our claim of all the Islands—and that we should never cede S. Juan by compromise. Answer as proposed.
N 6
Documents enclosed with the main document (not transcribed)
Manuscript image
Lewis Cass to G.M. Dallas, 4 February 1860, discussing the current state of the San Juan negotiations and objecting to certain of Russell's assertions.
Other documents included in the file
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Draft, Merivale to Hammond, 12 March 1860, suggesting that government should adhere to Russell's declaration.
Hammond, Edmund to Merivale, Herman 2 March 1860, CO 305:15, no. 2282, 136. The Colonial Despatches of Vancouver Island and British Columbia 1846-1871, Edition 2.2, ed. James Hendrickson and the Colonial Despatches project. Victoria, B.C.: University of Victoria. https://bcgenesis.uvic.ca/V605FO06.html.

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